The province of Alberta has a law similar to PIPEDA that protects personal data collection within the private sector called the Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA). The Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy (FOIP) governs the public sector.
Ontario’s Personal Health Information Protection Act (PHIPA) works in conjunction with PIPEDA. PHIPA governs custodians of health information (hospitals, long term care service providers, pharmacies, health care practitioners, etc.) as well as their agents (insurance companies, information processors, employees, information managers, and volunteers) regarding the disclosure and use of personal health information. It ensures that when they have personal health information in their control or custody it is protected from loss, theft, and unauthorized disclosure or use.
The Act Respecting Access to Documents Held by Public Bodies and the Protection of Personal Information of Québec requires that personal information cannot be released outside of Québec or entrusted to a body or person outside of Québec to hold, use, or release the information on its behalf until the information is protected at a level that is equivalent to that of provincial law. It is intended to prevent personal data from being exported to other Canadian provinces or other countries that fail to provide the protection that is equivalent to that of Québec law.
New Brunswick’s Personal Health Information Privacy and Access Act (PHIPAA), similar to Ontario’s PHIPA, governs the healthcare industry. It requires that personal health information is stored in Canada. Storing the information outside of Canada requires the individual’s consent or it specifically authorized under PHIPAA.
Nova Scotia followed in the footsteps of British Columbia with the Personal Information International Disclosure Protection Act (PIIDPA). The act provides for the regulation of all public bodies including but not limited to education, transportation, health care, and justice. Much like British Columbia, PIIDPA requires public bodies to ensure the personal information is only stored in Canada and only accessed in Canada.